the garden palace: นี่คือโพสต์ที่เกี่ยวข้องกับหัวข้อนี้
The Summer Palace in Beijing – first built in 1750, largely destroyed in the war of 1860 and restored on its original foundations in 1886 – is a masterpiece of Chinese landscape garden design. The natural landscape of hills and open water is combined with artificial features such as pavilions, halls, palaces, temples and bridges to form a harmonious ensemble of outstanding aesthetic value.
Outstanding Universal Value
The Summer Palace in Beijing integrates numerous traditional halls and pavilions into the Imperial Garden conceived by the Qing emperor Qianlong between 1750 and 1764 as the Garden of Clear Ripples. Using Kunming Lake, the former reservoir of the Yuan dynasty’s capital and Longevity Hill as the basic framework, the Summer Palace combined political and administrative, residential, spiritual, and recreational functions within a landscape of lakes and mountains, in accordance with the Chinese philosophy of balancing the works of man with nature. Destroyed during the Second Opium War of the 1850s, it was reconstructed by Emperor Guangxu for use by Empress Dowager Cixi and renamed the Summer Palace. Although damaged again during the Boxer Rebellion in 1900 it was restored and has been a public park since 1924. The central feature of the Administrative area, the Hall of Benevolence and Longevity is approached through the monumental East Palace Gate. The connecting Residential area comprises three building complexes: the Halls of Happiness in Longevity, Jade Ripples and Yiyun, all built up against the Hill of Longevity, with fine views over the lake. These are linked by roofed corridors which connect to the Great Stage to the east and the Long Corridor to the West. In front of the Hall of Happiness in Longevity a wooden quay gave access by water for the Imperial family to their quarters.
The remaining 90% of the garden provides areas for enjoying views and spiritual contemplation and is embellished with garden buildings including the Tower of the Fragrance of Buddha, the Tower of the Revolving Archive, Wu Fang Pavilion, the Baoyun Bronze Pavilion, and the Hall that Dispels the Clouds. Kunming Lake contains three large islands, corresponding to the traditional Chinese symbolic mountain garden element, the southern of which is linked to the East Dike by the Seventeen Arch Bridge. An essential feature is the West Dike with six bridges in different styles along its length. Other important features include temples and monasteries in Han and Tibetan style located on the north side of the Hill of Longevity and the Garden of Harmonious Pleasure to the north-east.
As the culmination of several hundred years of Imperial garden design, the Summer Palace has had a major influence on subsequent oriental garden art and culture.
Criterion (i): The Summer Palace in Beijing is an outstanding expression of the creative art of Chinese landscape garden design, incorporating the works of humankind and nature in a harmonious whole.
Criterion (ii): The Summer Palace epitomizes the philosophy and practice of Chinese garden design, which played a key role in the development of this cultural form throughout the east.
Criterion (iii): The Imperial Chinese Garden, illustrated by the Summer Palace, is a potent symbol of one of the major world civilizations.
Due to the highest level of protection that the Summer Palace has always received from the government, its original design, planning and landscape have been perfectly preserved. Furthermore, the Summer Palace has maintained a harmonious relationship with its setting. At present the government has undertaken active and strong measures to reinforce the protection of the setting of the Summer Palace to cope with the pressure resulting from urban development.
The conservation intervention and landscape maintenance within the property area have been carried out in line with historic archives, using traditional techniques and appropriate materials for maintaining and passing on the historic information. The preservation and maintenance of the property has fully ensured its authenticity.
Protection and management requirements
The Summer Palace is protected at the highest level by the 1982 Law of PRC on the Protection of Cultural Relics (amended 2007), which is elaborated in the Regulations on the Implementation of the Law of People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Cultural Relics. Certain provisions of the Law on Environmental Protection and City Planning are also applicable to the conservation of the Summer Palace. These laws bear legal efficacy at national level. The Summer Palace was included by the State Council of the People’s Republic of China in the first group of National Priority Protected Sites on March 4th, 1961.
At the municipal level, the Summer Palace was declared a Municipal Priority Protected Site by the Beijing Municipal Government on October 20th, 1957. The Regulations of Beijing Municipality for the Protection of Cultural Relics (1987) reinforces the municipal protection of key heritage sites. In 1987 the protection boundaries of the Summer Palace were specifically mentioned and instructed to be undertaken in the Notice of Beijing Municipal Government to the Municipal Bureau of Construction Planning and the Bureau of Cultural Relics on endorsing the Report concerning the Delimitation of Protection Zones and Construction Control Areas of the Second Group of 120 Cultural Relics under Protection. The Master Plan of Summer Palace on Protection and Management is under formulation and will be presented to the World Heritage Committee as soon as it is complete. Meanwhile, construction in the surrounding areas has also been put under restrictive control.
The Beijing Summer Palace Management Office has been responsible for heritage management of the Summer Palace since it was established in 1949. Now among it’s over 1500 staff, 70% are professionals. Under it there are 30 sections responsible for cultural heritage conservation, gardening, security, construction, and protection. Regulations and emergency plans have been stipulated. At present, the protection of the Summer Palace is operating well. Under the overall protective framework made by the central and local governments, the protection and management of the Summer Palace will be carried out in accordance with strict and periodic conservation plans and programs. The scientific management and protection is carried out based on the information gained from increasingly sophisticated monitoring.
[NEW] Gardens of the Palace of Versailles, Paris; visit these world-famous gardens | the garden palace – Sambeauty
Gardens of the Palace of Versailles, Paris; visit these world-famous gardens
Visit Gardens of the Palace of Versailles
The Palace of Versailles with its magnificent gardens is in Versailles on the western edge of Paris. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is the second most visited monument in the World.
Explore the gardens of the Palace de Versailles
One of the largest gardens ever made the gardens of the Palace of Versailles are laid out on an enormous scale. The gardens are a superb example of French formal garden style.
Designed by André Le Notre the canals and fountains and water features are a key feature of the gardens. With 372 statues, 55 water features, 600 fountains and 35km of canals you can’t help but be impressed.
The garden covers 800 hectares which includes 300 hectares of forest and two ‘French’ gardens, the ‘Petit Parc’ and the ‘Trianon’
This is the formal French-style of gardening at its best. Everything is impeccably kept. The massive number of topiaries are all clipped into immaculate shapes and the sheer splendour is amazing. This is a garden that was designed to impress and it certainly does.
One of the highlights of the gardens is its series of fountains. These date to the era of Louis XIV and many use the original hydraulics. The fountains are turned on in a fabulous display for water and light shows from late spring to early autumn.
The Palace of Versailles
Of course whilst you are at the gardens you can’t miss a visit to the Chateau de Versailles which is one of the most important, and beautiful, buildings in France. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Indeed the gardens were designed to be seen from inside the Chateau in order to really admire the patterns and symmetry.
The Chateau de Versailles began life as the hunting lodge of Louis XIII but was massively expanded and transformed by his son Louis XIV who also ordered the gardens to be designed and laid out.
The Hall of Mirrors is perhaps the most famous of all the rooms in the chateau and is the most ostentatious display of wealth and power in a chateau built as a showcase of wealth and power.
The French court was moved here in 1682 and stayed until the French Revolution in 1789.
Chateau de Versailles garden guide
The gardens of the Palace of Versailles are in the Paris suburb of Versailles about 20km southwest of the centre of Paris.
The garden is open every day from 8.00 to 20.00. The palace though is closed on Mondays and the Trianon Palace and Marie-Antoinette’s Estate are only open in afternoons (not Monday). The park and gadens are open every day.
The park and gardens are free to visit except on days when there is a Musical Fountain and Light Show or the Musical Garden days.
A ticket for the Musical Fountains show is 9,50 euros. A ticket for the Musical Gardens events is 8,50 euros. A the full palace and Trianon Estate and Gardens ticket with access to the shows is 27 euros. Tickets for the palace are 20 euros on days with no Fountains Show or Musical Gardens events.
Note though that access to the palace and gardens is free to under 18s and free to under 26 year olds from the European Union and to disabled people with one accompanying adult. On musical days though everyone normally entitled to a free ticked must pay 10 euros except for under 5s.
Address: Chateau de Versailles, 78000 Versailles
There are three train stations in Versailles. The Versailles Chateau Rives Gauche station is the closest to the palace and gardens. The Chateau de Versailles is a ten minute walk from this station.
Gardens to visit nearby
The Jardin Albert Kahn makes for an interesting contrast with its Japanese-style garden and English-style garden.
The Botanical garden of Paris is made up of four gardens. These include the Parc de Bagatelle and the Parc Floral de Paris.
You can find more local travel ideas in the Paris guide,
Photos of Gardens of the Palace of Versailles
Map of Gardens of the Palace of Versailles and places to visit
Gardens of the Palace of Versailles places to visit
you’re a hopeless romantic but in the 19th century | a playlist
I may be a hopeless romantic but I’ll always be here for you.
Hey, listen this playlist on Spotify too: https://open.spotify.com/playlist/2NF4RWTfZbmWSwgxRLtvlt?si=ba13c1d15f0e44e1
Subscribe on my personal channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYI2bvh_Tl9TE1fvoXgiI9w
Images of the covers: https://pin.it/1Ls2Vcq
The painting on the thumbnail is \”Clair de La Lune\” by Louis Maeterlinck.
นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูเพิ่มเติม
The Garden Gurus – Residence Palace Garden
Built and decorated in the 18th Century, the Wurzburg Palace Residence features one of Europe’s most beautiful gardens.
Jonathan Jones – barrangal dyara [2/6] – The Garden Palace and the Fire
A series of videos released in conjunction with Jonathan Jones’s barrangal dyara (skin and bones). Episodes include ‘Gadigal Land,’ ‘The Garden Palace and the Fire,’ ‘Grasslands,’ ‘Shields,’ and ‘Languages.’
barrangal dyara (skin and bones)
17 September – 3 October 2016
Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney
Video: Pedro Greig
THE GARDEN PALACE by SewaPelamin
Wedding venue called The Garfen Palace located in Eco Granduer Graham Garden, Puncak Alam.
5 Minute Palace Pets Stories-The Garden Party- English-Vietnamese
Bé đọc truyện Tiếng Anh Việt
นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูบทความเพิ่มเติมในหมวดหมู่Wedding
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