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[NEW] Narai (King of Siam, 1656-1688) (The Diary of Samuel Pepys) | narai – Sambeauty

narai: นี่คือโพสต์ที่เกี่ยวข้องกับหัวข้อนี้

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King Narai the Great (Thai: สมเด็จพระนารายณ์มหาราช, RTGS: , pronounced [sǒmdèt pʰráʔ nāːrāːj māhǎːrâːt]  (help·info)) or Ramathibodi III (Thai: รามาธิบดีที่ ๓  (help·info)) was the 27th monarch of Ayutthaya Kingdom, the 4th and the last monarch of the Prasat Thong dynasty. He was the king of Ayutthaya Kingdom from 1656 to 1688 and arguably the most famous king of the Prasat Thong dynasty.

His reign was the most prosperous during the Ayutthaya period and saw the great commercial and diplomatic activities with foreign nations including the Middle East and the West. During the later years of his reign, Narai gave his favorite – the Greek adventurer Constantine Phaulkon – so much power that Phaulkon technically became the chancellor of the state. Through the arrangements of Phaulkon, the Siamese kingdom came into close diplomatic relations with the court of Louis XIV and French soldiers and missionaries filled the Siamese aristocracy and defense. The dominance of French officials led to frictions between them and the native mandarins and led to the turbulent revolution of 1688 towards the end of his reign.

Narai’s reign was also known for the 1662–1664 invasion of Burma, the destruction of the briefly independent port city of the Sultanate of Singgora (1605–1680), and the conflict he had with the English East India Company.

The presence of numerous foreigners from the French Jesuits to the Persian delegates has left historians with rich sources of material on the city of Ayutthaya and its conflicts and courtly life in the seventeenth century that otherwise would not have survived the complete destruction of the capital in 1767.

Birth and name

Prince Narai was born on 16 February 1633 to King Prasat Thong and his consort, Princess Sirithida[1] (Thai: ศิริธิดา), who was a daughter of Songtham. Prasat Thong had just usurped the throne from the ruling Ayutthaya dynasty in 1629 and founded a dynasty of his own. Narai had an siblings younger sister Princess Si Suphan (or ), elder half-brother Prince Chai, and an uncle Prince Si Suthammaracha.

The recorded that “In that year [1633], the princess consort gave birth to a son. When the royal family glanced at the infant, they saw the baby had four arms before having two arms as normal. Upon learning this, the king thought it was a miracle. He therefore named his son Narai.”[2] The name is from Sanskrit , a name of Hindu god Vishnu who has four arms.[3]

Succession

Upon Prasat Thong’s death in 1656, Prince Chai succeeded his father as King Sanpet VI.

However, it was a Thai tradition to give brothers a higher priority over sons in succession. Prince Sudharmmaraja plotted with his nephew, Prince Narai, to bring Sanpet VI down. After nine months of ascension, Sanpet VI was executed following a coup. Narai and his uncle marched[4] into the palace, and Si Suthammaracha crowned himself king. Si Suthammaracha appointed Narai as the , or Viceroy of the Front Palace. However, Narai was also an ambitious prince and had requested Dutch support against his uncle. Si Suthammaracha’s rule was weak and he fell under the control of Chakri, an ambitious mandarin who also wanted the throne.

In 1656, Narai and his uncle finally alienated each other. Si Suthammaracha lusted after Narai’s sister, Princess Ratcha Kanlayani. He ordered his soldiers to surround her residence and entered the house. The princess hid in a book chest and it was smuggled into the Front Palace, where she reunited with her brother.

Enraged at his uncle’s behavior, Narai decided to take action. He drew his support from the Persian and Japanese mercenaries that had been persecuted during his father’s reign. He was also supported by the Dutch East India Company, as well as his brothers and the Sukhothai, a powerful nobleman. On the Day of Ashura, the Persians, Japanese and Dutch stormed the palace. The prince engaged in single combat with his uncle, until the king fled to the Rear Palace. Si Suthammaracha was captured and was executed at Wat Khok Phraya on 26 October 1656.

Domestic policy

Memorial plate in Lopburi showing king Narai with French ambassadors.

Domestic policies in King Narai’s reign were greatly affected by the interference of foreign powers most notably the Chinese to the north, the Dutch to the South, and the English who were making their first forays into India to the west. Policies revolved around either directly countering the influence, or creating a delicate balance of power between the different parties.[5]: 58 

In 1660, the Chinese invaded the Burmese capital at Ava to capture Zhu Youlang, the last Southern Ming emperor. Sensing a possible weakening of Burmese influence in the northern vassal states, King Narai began the Burmese–Siamese War of 1662–64 to bring Chiang Mai under the direct control of Ayutthaya. Although the expedition was successful in taking control of Lampang and other smaller cities, a second expedition had to be conducted to bring Chiang Mai under control in 1662. After stopping a Burmese army incursion in 1663 at Sai Yok, Narai led an army of 60,000 in an invasion of Burma, capturing Martaban, Syriam, Rangoon, Hongsawadi, and then in 1664 laid siege to Pagan. After “causing many casualties in dead and wounded and capturing many prisoners of war”, the Siamese retreated.[6]: 220–227, 229–233, 234–239 

Narai also handed over control of Mergui to French officer Chevalier de Beauregard and his small French garrison.[7] At the same time, he also granted a concession of the strategic port of Bangkok to Beauregard, with the view of countering Dutch influence.[8]

King Narai also built a new palace at present-day Lopburi (“Louvo” in the French accounts) utilising the expertise of Jesuit architects and engineers. European influences are clearly evident in the architectural style, especially the use of wide windows. The move to Lopburi was arguably prompted by the Dutch naval blockade of Ayutthaya in 1664 to enforce a fur monopoly.[6]: 250–251 

King Narai observes a lunar eclipse with French Jesuits at Lopburi, 1685

Foreign affairs

Although Catholic missions had been present in Ayutthaya as early as 1567 under Portuguese Dominicans, King Narai’s reign saw the first concerted attempt to convert the monarch to Catholicism under the auspices of French Jesuits who were given permission to settle in Ayutthaya in 1662.[6]: 243–244  The conversion attempt ultimately failed and arguably backfired but Catholics were to remain in Siam up to the present day.

The most remarkable aspect of King Narai’s reign were the diplomatic missions that he sent and received during his reign. Missions were sent as far afield as France, England, and the Vatican, although at least two missions were lost at sea. Ties with states closer to Ayutthaya were not neglected as missions were also sent to Persia, Golconda (India), China, as well as other neighbouring states.

Undoubtedly, the most celebrated of these missions were those to Europe, in particular France. In 1673, a French ecclesiastical mission arrived at the Siamese court with letters from Pope Clement IX and King Louis XIV of France. King Narai reciprocated by sending a mission to France in 1680 led by Phya Pipatkosa.[9] Although the mission was lost at sea near Madagascar,[10] the French would respond positively by sending a commercial mission to Ayutthaya headed by Monsignor Pallu in 1682.

Rising French influence

Most controversially, King Narai allowed the rise of Constantine Phaulkon, a Greek adventurer who first arrived in Ayutthaya in 1675, formerly worked for the English East India Company. Phaulkon was introduced into the court by minister of foreign affairs and trade Kosa Lek in 1681 as a quick-witted interpreter and quickly gained the royal favor.[6]: 254–260  In 1682 he served as the interpreter during the royal audience with François Pallu, who arrived with letters from Louis XIV. Within a few years, Phaulkon had managed to ingratiate himself with the king and became Narai’s closest counselor. Phaulkon suggested a plan for the reconstruction of the fort of Mergui in polygonal European style, which was strongly opposed by Kosa Lek. Kosa Lek was later accused of receiving bribes from peasants who did not want to be drafted into the Mergui construction. He was flogged to death under royal orders.

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The second half of Narai’s reign was a period of growing French influence as facilitated by Phaulkon. Under Phaulkon’s guidance, King Narai balanced the influence of the Dutch by favouring the French. Phaulkon also encouraged French interest by initially leading them to believe that the king was about to convert to Catholicism. Although King Narai did display a degree of interest in Catholicism, he also displayed an equal interest in Islam and there is no concrete evidence that he wished to convert to either.[11] However, both Catholic and Islamic missions were to come to the conclusion that Phaulkon was responsible for their failures.[12][13] Siamese courtiers also resented Phaulkon’s influence and he quickly became the focus of xenophobic sentiments at court, with the future King Phetracha at their head.

Narai responded the French by the dispatch of Siamese mission to France in January 1684 led by Pijaivanit and Pijitmaitri accompanied by missionary Benigne Vachet. They reached Calais by November and eventually had the French royal audience. Louis XIV sent de Chaumont as chief ambassador,[6]: 261  and de Choisy to lead the French mission in 1685 to return the Siamese ambassadors and to convert Narai to Catholicism.[5]: 62  The mission contained a large number of Jesuit priests and scientists. Colbert sent his letter to Phaulkon to instruct him to persuade the Siamese king to concede to French requests with the promises of granting him the rank of count.

Kosa Pan presents King Narai’s letter to Louis XIV at Versailles, 1 September 1686

Though he did not convert to Christianity, Narai agreed to allow the French troops to be stationed in Siamese ports. Chevalier de Forbin was made commander of the Bangkok fort and trained Siamese armies in Western warfare.[6]: 263  Several Siamese forts including Mergui, Ligor, Singora (Songkhla), Lavo, and Ayutthaya itself were reconstructed in European style. Another Siamese mission to France was led by Visutsundhorn (Kosa Pan, younger brother of Kosa Lek) and Guy Tachard in 1686 with enthusiastic European reception. A fragmentary Siamese account of the mission compiled by Kosa Pan was re-discovered in Paris in the 1980s.[14] In 1686, a revolt broke out in Ayutthaya, caused by the Makassars whom were seeking asylum in Siam after being expelled by the Dutch Empire. Constantine Phaulkon and Forbin mobilized the defence of the Kingdom, with the forces of Ayutthaya made up from a coalition of French, English and Siamese troops. The Makassars were subsequently defeated and Narai had many burnt at the stake.

Samuel White, the English governor of Mergui fort, appointed by Narai and a close associate of Phaulkon, entered into conflict with the English fleets from India in 1687, leading to the English blockade of Mergui. The Siamese native mandarins massacred the local Englishmen out of frustration. With English fleets threatening his kingdom, Narai decided to placate the English and executed the mandarins.

In 1687 the new French mission left Brest for Ayutthaya. The mission included Kosa Pan returning home, Guy Tachard again, Simon de La Loubère, Claude Céberet du Boullay, and General Desfarges. A French army regiment was sent with this mission to be stationed in Siamese forts with Desfarges as the military commander.[6]: 267  Narai agreed to station French troops at Mergui and Bangkok, both with Western-style forts.[5]: 64, 65  Desfarges was stationed at Bangkok. (The fort is now called the Vijaiprasit Fort Thai: ป้อมวิไชยประสิทธิ์ later the royal fort of King Taksin). The last Siamese embassy was led by Ok-khun Chamnan in 1688 visiting Rome and Pope Innocent XI.

The “Revolution” of 1688

Narai spent his whole reign reducing the power of native mandarins that had caused much bloodshed during his predecessors’ time. He firstly supported Persian, and later, the French guards and advisors, against the Thai mandarins. Even his ascension to the throne was orchestrated by Persian mercenaries. The French eventually enjoyed special favors from religious affairs to the military activities. One of the critical turning points was concerned with the construction of the French forts and military barracks in Bangkok, near the mouth of the Chao Phraya River. In dealing with the activities, the French mostly depended on Constantine Phaulkon, the king’s favorite. The threat of the French military presence reportedly was felt among the court nobles. All in all, factionalism, favoritism and nepotism became widespread. The native mandarins somehow managed to retain their powers, most notably Kosa Lek.

Petracha, Commander of the Royal Regiment of Elephants, emerged as the leading “nationalist”.[5]: 63  Petracha had familial connections to Narai, with his mother being the king’s wet nurse and his sister being the king’s concubine.

Narai was said to fear fathering a son. He therefore ordered abortions to be carried out on any of his impregnated consorts. However he adopted the son of a minor mandarin with the name of Phra Pi and named him his successor. The young prince was embraced by the French, who managed to convert him to Catholicism.

Matters were brought to a head when King Narai fell gravely ill in March 1688 while staying in his Lopburi palaces. Aware of the coming succession dispute, in May 1688, Narai called together his closest councillors: Phaulkon, Phra Phetracha, and Phra Pi, and nominated his daughter, Kromluang Yothathep, to succeed him. The three councillors were to act as regents until the princess took on a partner of her choice from one of the two Siamese councillors.[15]

When Narai was seriously ill with no hopes of recovery, on 18 May 1688 Phetracha had a successful coup and arrested Narai himself, Phra Pi, and his half-brothers Prince Aphaithot and Prince Noi. Phaulkon was summoned to the palace, there he and his French officers were surrounded and disarmed. Phaulkon was thrown to the palace dungeon and brutally tortured.

After questioning Phra Pi, he discovered Phra Pi had conspired with Phaulkon to assume the throne, and Phra Pi was executed on 20 May. Further questioning of Phaulkon revealed a plot to raise a rebellion, and he too was executed by Phetracha’s adopted son Luang Sorasak on 5 June. Narai, on his deathbed, was unable to do anything, except curse Phetracha and his son. Luang Sorasak then had Prince Aphaithot and Prince Noi executed.[6]: 271–273 

Phetracha soon ordered his troops to attack the French troops led by General Desfarges at the start of the Siege of Bangkok. On the death of King Narai on 11 July, Phetracha proclaimed himself king. After withholding the siege for four months and later a negotiated settlement, the French soldiers were allowed to return to France. Only the Dutch were allowed to trade in the capital before the French and English finally ended their dispute with Siam.[6]: 273–276 

Legacy

Contemporary French depiction of King Narai.

Although King Narai’s reign witnessed the greatest extent of foreign influence at the Siamese court, his diplomatic achievements were to be reversed by his successor. It is debatable whether the new introspective attitude of his successors contributed to the weakening and eventual fall of Ayutthaya. On the other hand, the curtailing of foreign influences in the court may have prevented the colonisation of Ayutthaya. Nevertheless, his reign’s diplomatic achievements contributed to him being posthumously styled “the Great,” one of seven recognised as such in the history of Thailand.

At the same time, the records of those involved in the diplomatic missions, particularly those from the west, have allowed historians to obtain a rare glimpse into the world of the Ayutthayan court as most original Ayutthaya records were destroyed with the city in 1767. These include the French accounts of the Chevalier de Chaumont, the Abbé de Choisy, Fr. Tachard, Claude de Forbin, de la Loubere and the Persian account of Muhammad Rabi’ ibn Muhammad Ibrahim. Domestically, the relative stability during his reign also gave rise to the revival of Siamese literature during his reign.[16]

Further afield, one of the main streets of the city of Brest as well as another in Marseilles have been named “Rue de Siam” to commemorate Narai’s missions, whilst an ancient street in Lop Buri Province, where Narai dwelt at the time he received the Chevalier de Chaumont, has been named “Rue de France” by the Thai government in 1985 to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the relations between the two countries.[17]

In addition, among the gifts that were exchanged between the Siamese and the French courts, two items from Siam were to have an unexpected impact on French history. The items were a pair of silver cannons that were eventually stored in the Royal Furniture Repository in Paris since they were classed as gifts rather than weapons. After failing to find usable weapons at the Arsenal, rioting Parisians broke into the Repository and discovered some 20 cannons. However, the Siamese cannons were the only ones that still functioned, and so they were hauled to the Bastille. The date was 14 July 1789.[18]

In King Narai’s reign, Thai literature flourished, especially royal panegyrics. The “Eulogy of King Prasat Thong” about the king’s father was probably composed early in the reign, and the “Eulogy of King Narai” around 1680.

See also

Notes

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References

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  • Cruysse, Dirk van der (2002). . Chiang Mai: Silkworm
  • Sportes Morgan (1993),Pour la plus grande gloire de Dieu, le Seuil, Paris
  • Marcinkowski, M. Ismail (2005). . Singapore: Pustaka Nasional
  • Muhammad Rabi’ ibn Muhammad Ibrahim, J. O’Kane (trans.) (1972). . London: Routledge
  • Smithies, M. (1999). Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books
  • Smithies, M., Bressan, L., (2001). . Bangkok: River
  • Smithies, M., Cruysse, Dirk van der (2002). . Seattle: University of Washington Press
  • Smithies, M. (trans.), Cruysse, Dirk Van der (2002). . Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books ISBN 974-7551-57-8
  • Wyatt, D.K. (1984). . Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books

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[NEW] JapanVisitor Japan Travel Guide | narai – Sambeauty

Narai 奈良井

Narai-juku on the Nakasendo, Nagano Prefecture

Narai (Narai-juku) is a picture perfect small town in Nagano Prefecture, with very much the feel of an historical film set, on the Chuo Main Line railway in the Kiso Valley area of central Japan (Chubu), 50 km north-east of Nagoya on the way to Matsumoto

Autumn leaves, Narai-juku on the Nakasendo, Nagano Prefecture

Narai is located on the historic Edo Period Nakasendo highway between Kyoto and Edo (Tokyo) and is north of the other post-towns on the Kiso-kaido section of the Nakasendo: Ena, Nakatsugawa, Ochiai, Magome & Tsumago, Kiso-Fukushima, Miyanokoshi and Yabuhara.

Narai has a quiet and soothing atmosphere and is a world away from the frantic atmosphere of Japan’s main cities on the Pacific Coast.

Narai-juku, Nagano Prefecture

Flowers, Narai, Nakasendo Highway, Nagano, Japan

Narai Attractions

Narai, referred to as “Narai of a Thousand Houses,” is located at the foot of the Torii Mountain Pass, one of the more strenuous climbs on the Nakasendo, and visitors who have made the ascent can relax in one of Narai’s many traditional inns or ryokan and enjoy a Japanese beer, bath and some local food.

Narai-juku is divided into three sections: Kanmachi (uptown), Nakamachi (midtown) and Shimomachi (downtown). The buildings have overhanging second stories and eaves, a feature peculiar to this post town. The whole preserved area is about 1 km long and 200m wide.

Narai’s attractions include the Nakamura Residence (admission 300 yen) a preserved Edo period town house and garden with original artifacts of the owner Rihei Nakamura (1830-1844), a wealthy comb wholesaler, on display.

Kisho Ohashi, a modern wooden bridge in the shape of a Japanese drum, stretches 30m over the Narai River and is illuminated at night from April to November. The bridge was constructed with 300 year old cypress () wood.

Kiso Ohashi, Narai-juku, Nagano Prefecture

Taihoji Temple contains a statue of what is thought to be a headless Virgin Mary caring for a child. The statue was made in the form of Jizo but may have been found by the Tokugawa authorities and decapitated. The find hints at the presence of “hidden Christians” in the area.

Shizume Jinja is located at the entrance to the Torii Pass and travelers would pray at this large Shinto shrine for a safe journey or give thanks upon arrival.

The Narakawa Museum of History and Folklore, close to Shizume Shrine, has exhibits on the life and customs of the people of the Kiso Valley area, with local painted combs, folk crafts and wooden furniture as well as articles from the festival of Shizume Jinja. Admission 300 yen for adults. Open 9am-5pm; Tel: 0264 34 2654

Shizume Jinja Torii Gate, Narai-juku, Nagano Prefecture

A graveyard in Narai-juku contains two hundred statues of Jizo where travelers who died on the Nakasendo were brought together.

Six original water fountains, that supplied water to travelers on the Nakasendo and the villagers, still exist and continue to be used today.

Other attractions in Narai include the post-town’s notice board, the Tezuka Family Residence and the Kamidonya Shiryokan (admission 300 yen), a wooden shop-cum-house of a local merchant.

Narai has many interesting shops selling local souvenirs of dried fruit, Japanese sake including the local Kiso-brewed (Seven Smiles), woodwork, lacquer ware, baskets and delicious rice cakes (mochi). Cafe Fuka (Tel: 0264 34 3939; Cafe 風花) is a lovely tatami-space with excellent coffee, cakes and wine.

Iseya Ryokan, Kiso Valley, Nagano Prefecture

Iseya garden, Narai, Nagano Prefecture

The Honjin and Wakihonjin (inns for top officials in the Edo era) no longer exist but Narai has a number of interesting shrines and temples including the beautiful Chozenji Temple. Shrines stand at either end of the long avenue of wooden buildings.

Narai has a number of souvenir shops and crafts galleries selling local wood carvings, sake and indigo-dyed clothes and bags.

Hiking The Nakasendo from Yabuhara to Narai

Take a local train from Kiso-Fukushima to Yabuhara and turn left out of the station for the long ascent over the Torii Pass to Narai. The first part of the walk is through the post town of Yabuhara.

The hike over the Torii pass is a long uphill climb followed by a gradual descent lasting 2-3 hours. The walk passes Gokurakuji Temple and the ruins of the Takashoyashiki-ato.

Nakasendo Walking & Cycling Tour of Magome-Juku and Kashimo

Walk and cycle on the old Nakasendo road: Magome, Ena Gorge

Magome Tsumago & Hirugami Onsen Tour from Shinjuku

Yabuhara is famous for its wooden combs.

Narai-juku, Nagano

Accommodation in Narai

Narai has a number of traditional ryokan inns. Recommended is the Iseya Inn (Tel: 0264 34 3051; 伊勢屋). Other ryokan in Narai include Naraiso (Tel: 0264 34 3660), Ikariya Machida minshuku (Tel: 0264 34 3202) and Eshimaya (Tel: 0264 34 2609; 江島屋). In nearby Shiojiri, the western style, business hotel, the Hotel Route Inn Shiojiri is a good option.

Narai Manhole CoverJR Narai Station

Narai Access

Air

Chubu International Airport is the most convenient international airport for an onward journey to Narai. There are direct connecting trains on the Meitetsu Centrair service to Nagoya Station and Kanayama Station for JR trains to Nakatsugawa and then change to a local train for Narai or some direct Shinano Express trains from Nagoya stop at Kiso-Fukushima. If you are traveling from Osaka take the Shinkansen to Nagoya and change.

Rail

There are Shinano Express and local trains from Nagoya via Nakatsugawa to Narai taking 117 minutes for the 154km journey. Change at Kiso-Fukushima if traveling from Nagoya or, if coming from Nagano, change at Shiojiri. The line also connects to Matsumoto to the north, where visitors can change to the Shinano Express to Nagano and then the Azuma Shinkansen to Karuizawa and Tokyo. Journey time from Matsumoto to Nagano is 50 minutes on the Shinano and 33 minutes on the Shinkansen to Karuizawa. From Nagano to Tokyo by Shinkansen is 1 hour, 40 minutes.

Narai-juku main streetNagano-Nagoya railway line

Car/Bus

National Highway 361 passes close to Narai. Alternatively take the 153 route or the Chuo Expressway via Nakatsugawa and Iida from Nagoya.

Chozenji Temple, Nagano Prefecture, Japan

Getting Around Narai

Narai basically consists of one long street which is easily walked from the railway station to your accommodation.

The next stop on a local train heading north is Kiso-Hirasawa, which is known for its high quality lacquerware, a Japanese craft for which the Kiso Valley is famous. The town has numerous lacquer shops selling miso soup bowls, trays and other items, as well as a museum dedicated to the art – the Kiso-shikkikan. Kiso Fukushima is another good place to find lacquerware.

Narai Map

Narai Map

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2,5 million credits
➤ Follow me on Twitch: https://www.twitch.tv/pasch___
➤ Panzerknacker Discord: https://discord.gg/cKR5zm6
➤ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/panzerknacker
➤ WOWS Recruitment: New Players get Rewarded https://friends.worldofwarships.eu/de/Pasch
Meine Hardware:
(Amazon Affiliate links)
🌐 Headset : https://amzn.to/2IE6fZi
🌐 Gaming Keyboard : https://amzn.to/2VlfdjN
🌐 Stream Mikrofon: https://amzn.to/2AgXnCt
🌐 MIC Ständer =) https://amzn.to/2AlHzyd
🌐 Gaming Maus : https://amzn.to/32Pyien
🌐 4K gaming Monitor : https://amzn.to/2Q86C2w
🌐 Headset Ständer : https://amzn.to/2QaC9Rx
🌐 Stream Cam : https://amzn.to/2LxAod0
🌐 Stream Deck : https://amzn.to/2Q9aIYu
🌐 Stream Light : https://amzn.to/2Q71f3X
🌐 Stream/ gaming CPU : https://amzn.to/2QalLRb
🌐 CPU Kühler : https://amzn.to/2NdtFqm
🌐 Mainboard : https://amzn.to/2LxC3zg
____________
🌐 Play World of Warships: https://wgaffiliate.com/?a=1290\u0026c=4692\u0026s1=
🌐 Play World of Tanks : https://wgaffiliate.com/?a=1290\u0026c=4705\u0026s1=
🌐 Play Total War Arena: https://wgaffiliate.com/?a=1290\u0026c=4780\u0026s1=
🌐 USS TEXAS + 2M Credits + premium (for new Player only ): https://wgaffiliate.com/?a=1290\u0026c=9506\u0026s1=https://wgaffiliate.com/?a=1290\u0026c=9506\u0026s1=
____________
World of Warships / World of Tanks / War Thunder / World of Warplanes
🎬 Send Your Epic/RNG/WTF/Funny moments over here:
➤ mybestreplay@gmail.com
➤ additional info, screenshots( capitain skills etc are welcome )
🌐 if you like my videos, consider subscribe, comment, share and thumbs up
____________________________________________________________
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Amazon Wunschliste ( wishlist) : https://www.amazon.de/gp/registry/wishlist/3ISY9IBZUYVPQ/ref=cm_wl_huc_view
Danke !

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูความรู้เพิ่มเติมที่นี่

Record Narai 640k+ Damage Game on Patch 10.7

Délcio Luiz – Paparico/Cilada/Brincadeira de criança/Dança da vassoura (Part. Grupo Molejo) Ao vivo


Ouça nas plataformas digitais:
SIGA O DÉLCIO LUIZ:
▶︎ https://www.facebook.com/delcioluizof
▶︎ https://www.instagram.com/delcioluiz
▶︎ http://www.twitter.com/delcioluiz_of
▶︎ http://www.delcioluiz.com.br
LETRA:
PAPARICO
(Délcio Luiz/Ronaldo Barcellos)
MENINA VOU LHE SER SINCERO,
NÃO QUERO MAIS TE ENGANAR:
NÃO TENHO ONDE CAIR DURO!
FIZ DE TUDO PRA TE CONQUISTAR.
ARRANJEI UM CARRO IMPORTADO,
UMA BECA E UM CELULAR.
NA VERDADE ERA TUDO EMPRESTADO.
NÃO TENHO NEM ONDE MORAR.
TE GANHEI NO PAPARICO, TE PAPARIQUEI!
QUIS TE DAR UM FINO TRATO, E ME APAIXONEI!
TE GANHEI NO PAPARICO, MAS TÔ SEM NENHUM.
POR FAVOR AMOR NÃO PENSE, QUE SOU UM SETE UM…(2X)
TE LEVEI NUM HOTEL CINCO ESTRELAS,
PASSEI UM CHEQUE VOADOR.
MINHA PAIXÃO É VERDADEIRA
(FAÇO TUDO PELO NOSSO AMOR)!
MENTI, MAS FOI DE BOA FÉ.
MENINA, SOU LOUCO POR TI!
MAS SOU POBRE DE MARRÉ, MARRÉ.
SOU POBRE, POBRE… DE MARRÉ DECI…
TE GANHEI NO PAPARICO,
TE PAPARIQUEI!
QUIS TE DAR UM FINO TRATO
E ME APAIXONEI!
TE GANHEI NO PAPARICO,
MAS TÔ SEM NENHUM.
POR FAVOR AMOR NÃO PENSE
QUE SOU UM SETE UM. (2X) (FINAL 4X)
CILADA
(Délcio Luiz/Ronaldo Barcellos)
QUASE MORRI DO CORAÇÃO
QUANDO ELA ME CONVIDOU
PRA CONHECER O SEU AP
ME AMARREI, DEMOROU
ELA ME USOU O TEMPO INTEIRO
COM SEU JEITINHO SEDUTOR
EU FIZ SERVIÇO DE PEDREIRO,
DE BOMBEIRO, ENCANADOR
INOCENTE, APAIXONADO
EU TAVA CRENTE CRENTE
QUE IA VIVER UMA HISTÓRIA DE AMOR
QUE CILADA, DESILUSÃO
ELA ME MACHUCOU
ELA ABUSOU DO MEU CORAÇÃO
NÃO ERA AMOR, ÔH, ÔH, NÃO ERA
NÃO ERA AMOR, ERA CILADA
NÃO ERA AMOR, ÔH, ÔH NÃO ERA
NÃO ERA AMOR, ERA
CILADA CILADA CILADA CILADA
CILADA CILADA CILADA CILADA
QUASE MORRENDO DE CANSAÇO
PÁLIDO E ME SENTINDO MAL
ME TROUXE UM WISKY BEM GELADO
ME FEZ UM BRINDE SENSUAL
AQUELE CLIMA ENVOLVENTE
ACELEROU MEU CORAÇÃO
CHEGOU UM GIGANTE DE REPENTE
GRINTANDO: SUJOU, TE PEGUEI RICARDÃO
BRINCADEIRA DE CRIANÇA
(Délcio Luiz/Wagner Bastos)
ACORDA CRIANÇADA TÁ NA HORA DA GENTE BRINCAR
BRINCAR DE PIQUEESCONDE, PIQUECOLA E DE PIQUETÁ, TÁ,TÁ,TÁ
NESSA BRINCADEIRA TAMBÉM TEM PIQUEBANDEIRA
AMARELINHA PRA QUEM GOSTA DE PULAR
E AQUELA BRINCADEIRA DE BEIJAR.
ACORDA CRIANÇADA TÁ NA HORA DA GENTE BRINCAR (OBA!)
BRINCAR DE PIQUEESCONDE, PIQUECOLA E DE PIQUETÁ,TÁ,TÁ,TÁ
ESSA BRINCADEIRA TAMBÉM TEM PIQUEBANDEIRA
AMARELINHA PRA QUEM GOSTA DE PULAR
E AQUELA BRINCADEIRA DE BEIJAR.
― ANDREZINHO! ― FALA FILHO…
― SABE QUAL É A BRINCADEIRA QUE EU MAIS GOSTO?
― É CLARO QUE NÃO!
AQUELA BRINCADEIRA DE BEIJAR.
É ESSA? NÃO! É ESSA? NÃO! É ESSA? NÃO! É ESSA? EU JÁ FALEI QUE NÃO! É ESSA? NÃO! É ESSA? É!
― ATÉ QUE ENFIM, XARÁ! ERA, UVA, MAÇÃ OU SALADA MISTA?
― SALADA MISTA
BEIJA! BEIJA! (UH)
BRINCADEIRA DE CRIANÇA, COMO É BOM, COMO É BOM
GUARDO AINDA NA LEMBRANÇA, COMO É BOM, COMO É BOM
PAZ, AMOR E ESPERANÇA, COMO É BOM, COMO É BOM
BOM É SER FELIZ COM MOLEJÃO
DANÇA DA VASSOURA
(Délcio Luiz/Anderson Leonardo)
DIGA AONDE VOCÊ VAI QUE EU VOU VARRENDO
DIGA AONDE VOCÊ VAI QUE EU VOU VARRENDO
VOU VARRENDO, VOU VARRENDO
VOU VARRENDO, VOU VARRENDO (2X)
OH MENININHA EU SOU SEU FÃ (2X)
DANÇO CONTIGO ATÉ DE MANHÃ (2X)
NA DANÇA DA BRUXINHA
DANÇA PRETA, DANÇA LOURA (2X)
AGORA TODO MUNDO NA DANCINHA DA VASSOURA (2X)
VARRE PRÁ ESQUERDA VARRE PRÁ DIREITA
LEVANTA POEIRA QUE ESSA DANÇA É PORRETA…(2X)
PITI PI PITI PI PITI PAU! PITI PI PITI PI PITI PAU!
MAS TOME CUIDADO COM O CABO DA VASSOURA
É PIOR DO QUE CENOURA VOCÊ PODE SE DAR MAL…(2X)

Ficha Técnica:
Produção Musical: Anderson Leonardo
Direção Musical: Marquinhos Bass
Produção Executiva: Wanda Lúcia, Alessa Oliveira, Janete Nascimento, Andreia Medeiros, Giuliana Moraes
Direção Geral: Alda Moraes e Márcio Negrittus
Manager: Alda Moraes
Produção de Vídeo: Alcateia Audiovisual
Diretor de Vídeo: Alessandro Cardoso
Mixagem: Sandro Rangel
Marketing Digital: Gustavo Vorage
BANDA
Everton Cesar (Violão)
Marquinhos Bass (Baixo)
Juninho Rezende (Cavaco)
Henri Lito (Banjo)
Heber Poggy (Sax e Sopro em geral)
Jimmy Batera (Bateria)
Thiago Kukinha (Surdo)
Marechal (Tantã)
João Duarte (Pandeiro)
Calazans (Percussão e efeitos)
CORO:
Eddy Flash
Débora Cruz
Rugles
Lukas Gabriel (part. especial)
Escritório DL Shows
PARA SHOWS (21) 995222310
Email: aldasilveira23@gmail.com

Délcio Luiz - Paparico/Cilada/Brincadeira de criança/Dança da vassoura (Part. Grupo Molejo) Ao vivo

Narai Mc – Puras leyes, puras trampas


Narai Mc - Puras leyes, puras trampas

Narai Mc Feat Nolo Style/ Ludo – Mi General


Beat de uso libre por Vicente Cancino
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=huRKsR9GC1g
Video, Mezcla y Master por Narai

Narai Mc Feat Nolo Style/ Ludo - Mi General

Kung Pow: Enter the Fist (4/5) Movie CLIP – Cow Fight (2002) HD


Kung Pow: Enter the Fist movie clips: http://j.mp/1IgNr5Z
BUY THE MOVIE:
FandangoNOW https://www.fandangonow.com/details/movie/kungpowenterthefist2002/1MV8ec637941928c8b7c84c8b7db1fcba64?cmp=Movieclips_YT_Description
iTunes http://apple.co/1M5hpNN
Google Play http://bit.ly/1Ids4VZ
Amazon http://amzn.to/1Q7b8Yz
Don’t miss the HOTTEST NEW TRAILERS: http://bit.ly/1u2y6pr
CLIP DESCRIPTION:
The Chosen One (Steve Oedekerk) doesn’t follow the advice to avoid the meadow and engages in battle against a cow.
FILM DESCRIPTION:
Writer, director, and star Steve Oedekerk lampoons the martial arts genre with this action spoof that digitally mixes new scenes with poorly dubbed footage from the vintage 1976 film Savage Killers. Oedekerk stars as \”the Chosen One,\” a kungfu prodigy even from the womb, who grows up to seek vengeance on the evil, legendary \”Master Pain\” (aka Betty), who murdered his parents. Along the way, he is aided in his quest by the kindly, wizened Master Tang as well as Whoa (Jennifer Tung), a karate queen with a cleavage problem. the Chosen One is also called upon to employ his unique fighting styles, including the \”gopher,\” and faces not only Master Pain, but a gay henchman and the lethal lactation of a deadly, karatechopping cow. Originally entitled \”The Dubbed Action Movie,\” this broad parody saw its release delayed several times, finally reaching theaters two years after it was shot. Kung Pow! Enter the Fist costars Tad Horino and Philip Tan.
CREDITS:
TM \u0026 © Fox (2002)
Courtesy of Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation
Cast: Steve Oedekerk
Director: Steve Oedekerk
Producers: Bruce Devan, Tom Koranda, Steve Oedekerk, Paul Marshal
Screenwriter: Steve Oedekerk
WHO ARE WE?
The MOVIECLIPS channel is the largest collection of licensed movie clips on the web. Here you will find unforgettable moments, scenes and lines from all your favorite films. Made by movie fans, for movie fans.
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR MOVIE CHANNELS:
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Kung Pow: Enter the Fist (4/5) Movie CLIP - Cow Fight (2002) HD

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูวิธีอื่นๆWedding

ขอบคุณมากสำหรับการดูหัวข้อโพสต์ narai

Nguyễn Huệ

Xin chào các bạn mình tên là Nguyễn Huệ, website này do mình tạo ra với mục đích chia sẻ những kiến thức liên quan đến làm đẹp, trang điểm... Rất mong những thông tin do mình cung cấp mang lại nhiều giá trị cho bạn. Xin chân thành cảm ơn

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