A peninsula is a piece of land almost surrounded by water and connected to the mainland on at least one side. Thus, it is a landform extending from a mainland into a water body such as an ocean or sea.
Europe is one of the world’s largest peninsulas and the only one with a continental status. It is the world’s 5th largest continent by area, covering approximately 9.9 million km2. Europe is made up of several other smaller peninsulas. However, the four largest peninsulas in Europe are Italian, Balkan, Iberian, and Scandinavian Peninsulas. The Iberian Peninsula is the continent’s second-largest peninsula after the Scandinavian Peninsula.
Where Is The Iberian Peninsula?
Iberian Peninsula Map
The Iberian Peninsula is located on Europe’s southwestern tip. It is part of the southern Europe peninsula, which comprises three peninsulas; Iberian, Balkan, and Italian peninsulas. The Iberian is the westernmost peninsula of the three peninsulas. The Iberian Peninsula’s southern tip is separated from the Africa continent by the narrow Strait of Gibraltar. At the narrowest point, the peninsula is only 8 kilometers from Africa, specifically Morocco.
The Iberian Peninsula covers approximately 583,256 km2, accounting for about 5.9% of Europe’s total area. It extends from Punta de Tarifa on the extreme south to Punta de Estaca de Bares on the northern extremity. From the west, the peninsula begins at Cabo da Roca and extends to Cap de Creus in the east. It forms an irregular octagonal shape resembling an ox-hide.
Iberian Peninsula Countries
Country or territory
% area of Iberian Peninsula
Andorra la Vella
(181 sq mi)
France (part of the French department of Pyrénées-Orientales)
(208 sq mi)
Gibraltar (British Overseas Territory)
(2.7 sq mi)
(34,369 sq mi)
(190,030 sq mi)
The Iberian Peninsula is separated from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees mountain range located between France and Spain. The peninsula is mainly occupied by Spain and Portugal. However, it also comprises Andorra, part of Southern France (part of the French department of Pyrénées-Orientales), and Gibraltar (British overseas territory).
Spain’s European continental territory is located entirely on the peninsula. It also occupies much of the landform, including the northwest, east, and central parts. Spain accounts for 84.5% of the peninsula’s total area or 492,175 square kilometers. It is bordered to the northwest and west by Portugal, north by Andorra and Southern France, and south by Gibraltar.
Portugal is the peninsula’s largest country. It occupies 15.3% of the peninsula or 89,015 square kilometers. It is bordered to the east and north by Spain. Andorra is located entirely on the Iberian Peninsula. It is the peninsula’s smallest country, covering 468 square kilometers. France is represented on the peninsula by the Pyrenees-Orientales and accounts for about 0.1% of the total area or 539 square kilometers. Gibraltar, located on the southern tip, occupies only 7 square kilometers on the peninsula
Origin Of Name
The name “Iberian” is often used to refer to Portugal and Spain. This name is linked to the Ebro River, also known as Hiberus in Latin and Iberos in ancient Greek. River Ebro runs on the north and northeastern part of the peninsula, particularly Spain, and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. The Greeks referred to Spain as Hiberia because of River Ebro and those living along the river bank as Iberians.
It is unclear what the word “Hiber” or “Iber” mean. However, according to the Basque speakers, the word “ibar” means “watered meadow” or “valley,” while “ibai” stands for “river.” But, there is no evidence linking the two Basque words to River Ebro. Jean-Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent coined the name “Iberian Peninsula” in 1823.
Important Geographical Features
Physical map of Spain in the Iberian Peninsula showing the major physical features.
The Iberian Peninsula lies between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean and is separated from France by the Pyrenees mountain range. It features some of Europe’s important geographical features such as rivers, mountains, and coastal plains.
About 75% of the peninsula’s total area is Meseta Central, also known as Inner Plateau. This massive plateau occupies the peninsula’s central part and rises between 610 and 760 meters above sea level. It is crossed by Sistema Central mountain range, leaving Submeseta Sur and Submeseta Norte to the south and north respectively. It is the source of most rivers that flow throughout the peninsula.
Physical map of Portugal in the Iberian Peninsula showing the major physical features.
The Iberian Peninsula is a largely mountainous region, with several mountain systems. The Pyrenees mountain range is located at the border between Spain and France. Aneto, the highest mountain in the Pyrenees, is located in Spain. The Cantabrian Mountains stretch over 300 kilometers along the northern coast, with Torre de Cerrado as the highest peak. On the peninsula’s central part, the mountain systems include the Sistema Central and Sistema Iberico. Other mountain systems are Montes de Toledo, Sierra Morena, and Baetic System.
Several rivers flow through the Peninsula, including Tagus, Douro, Ebro, and Guadiana. At 1,007 kilometers, Tagus is Iberian’s longest river. It originates in Monte Universales and forms the border between Spain and Portugal. Guadiana River also forms the border between the two countries, separating Andalucia and Extremadura (Spain) from Algarve and Alentejo (Portugal). The Iberian Peninsula also has a coastline of about 3,313 kilometers, of which 1,653 kilometers are on the Atlantic Ocean and 1,660 kilometers on the Mediterranean Sea.
The Iberian Peninsula experiences two main climate types. The oceanic climate, dominant along the Atlantic coastal regions, is characterized by cool summers and relatively even temperatures. The other climate experienced on the peninsula is the Mediterranean climate, characterized by varying temperatures and precipitation. Central Spain experiences a semi-arid climate, while the Sierra Nevada region experiences a desert climate.
Plants And Animals
Forest landscape in Verdes refuge, with the Allons river, Coristanco, Galicia, Spain
The Iberian Peninsula is one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. However, the various regions within the peninsula are characterized by distinct flora and fauna. About 27% of Spain’s total area is a protected area. It is home to about 9,000 vascular plants, of which about 25% are endemic. Plains, plateaus, and valleys across the peninsula host the semi-deciduous forests that are dominated by carob, cork oak, holm oak, and wild olive. Laurisilva rainforests are only restricted to the peninsula and contain the endemic Laurisilva species. Higher altitudes are dominated by Pyrenean oak, juniper, and scots pine.
Red deer at Lousã Mountain, Coimbra, Portugal.
Over 70,000 animal species are found on the Iberian Peninsula, with invertebrates accounting for the largest proportion. Some of the native species include Pyrenean desman, shrew, and European hedgehog. Other species include Eurasian beaver, Alpine marmot, the European rabbit, Iberian lynx, Italian wolf, and Eurasian lynx. The peninsula is also a popular stopover for most migratory birds because it is Africa and Northern Europe’s closest stopover.
History Of Human Settlement In the Iberian Peninsula
Humans have been living on the Iberian Peninsula since over 1.2 million years ago. Neanderthals occupied the peninsula around 200,000 BP. However, early modern humans migrated to the peninsula approximately 40,000 years ago from Southern France. The Roman army occupied the peninsula around 213 BC after successfully fighting the Carthaginians. However, it took Rome 200 years to defeat the Iberians and Celtic and annex the peninsula. Thereafter, Hispania Province was established. The Romans occupied the Iberian Peninsula for 600 years.
The Germanic people, including Vandals, Suebi, and Alans began settling on the peninsula around the 5th century. The Visigoths arrived much later and occupied the whole of the peninsula, expelling other tribes except the Suebi people. However, around 584, they took control of the Suebi Kingdom, including Bracara (Braga).
In the early 8th century, Muslims, led by Tariq Ibn Ziyad conquered and occupied the peninsula except for the northern kingdom. The Muslims named the peninsula “Al-Andalus,” meaning “land of the Vandals.” The Muslim population included Arabs, Muladi, and Berbers. By the end of Muslim dominance on the peninsula (end of 15th century), the Iberian Peninsula had an estimated population of about 6.5 million people.
Important Population Centers
The Iberian Peninsula has an estimated population of 53 million people and is dominated by three main metropolises; Lisbon, Barcelona, and Madrid. Madrid is the largest metropolitan region, with a population of 6.6 million people. Barcelona has a population of about 5.6 million, while Lisbon has 2.8 million people. Portugal’s other populous city is Porto, with 1.7 million people. Valencia and Seville in Spain have a combined population of 4.5 million people.
Fish traps in red, green and blue and typical fishing boats in the port of Cascais, traditional fishing village in Portugal.
The peninsula’s economy largely depends on the economy of Spain and Portugal. These countries have some of the thriving industries in Europe, including fishing, tourism, and mining. Because of the long coastline, fishing is a popular economic activity, with major catches including tuna and sardines. Processed fish products from Spain and Portugal are exported to the global market through several companies, including Ramirez.
Portugal is the world’s leading producer of carob and cork. Besides, it also produces barley, corn, and wheat. Spain’s traditional agricultural products include cereal grains, vegetables, citrus fruits, and olive oil.
The Iberian Peninsula is one of the world’s most visited places. In 2017, Spain recorded over 80 million visitors, making it the 2nd most-visited country. Madrid is the home to World Tourism Organization. Portugal receives over 20 million visitors annually, making it one of the world’s most-visited countries.
Significant European minerals come from the peninsula. Portugal is notable for copper Uranium, and tin. It also has vast coal and iron reserves. Spain is one of the top renewable energy producers. Overall, the Iberian Peninsula countries have a combined GDP of over $1.6 trillion.
[Update] Peninsula Community Health Services | penninsula – Sambeauty
Peninsula Community Health Services
Update 11/8/21: Beginning Wednesday 11/10/21 PCHS will offer Pediatric Pfizer vaccines from 1:30-4pm at the Gateway Center.
ONLY Pediatric Vaccine for age 5-11yo will be offered at Wednesday afternoons at Gateway.
Adult Boosters and doses for 12-18yo will still be available at Gateway on Fridays and at North Mason Wednesday mornings, as well as our mobile clinics.
Covid-19 boosters are approved for:
– Janssen (J&J) – must be 2 months after the first dose. All people who received Janssen are recommended to receive a booster of any of the 3 vaccines.
– Pfizer and Moderna, must be 6 months after the second dose and qualify as:
- People 65 years and older should receive a booster shot of Pfizer vaccine at least 6 months after their Pfizer primary series.
- Residents in long-term care settings should receive a booster shot of Pfizer vaccine at least 6 months after their Pfizer primary series.
- People aged 50 to 64 with certain underlying medical conditions should receive a booster shot of Pfizer vaccine at least 6 months after their Pfizer primary series.
- People 18 to 49 who are at high risk for severe COVID-19 due to certain underlying medical conditions may receive a booster shot of Pfizer vaccine at least 6 months after their Pfizer primary series, based on their individual benefits and risks.
- People aged 18-64 years who are at increased risk for COVID-19 exposure and transmission because of occupational or institutional setting may receive a booster shot of Pfizer vaccine at least 6 months after their Pfizer primary series, based on their individual benefits and risks.
Please bring your original COVID 19 vaccination card to your appointment
COVID Vaccine 3
doses for immune compromised are available for Pfizer or Moderna, must be 28 days after the second dose
You will be asked to attest that you qualify as one of the below:
This is NOT considered a booster dose but a 3rd dose in the primary vaccine series. No additional dose is recommended for those that received a Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) vaccine at this time.
- Been receiving active cancer treatment for tumors or cancers of the blood
- Received an organ transplant and are taking medicine to suppress the immune system
- Received a stem cell transplant within the last 2 years and are taking medication to suppress the immune system
- Moderate or severe primary immunodeficiency (such as DiGeorge syndrome, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome)
- Advanced or untreated HIV infection
- Active treatment with high-dose corticosteroids or other drugs that may suppress your immune response
It is recommended you receive the same brand of mRNA vaccine for your 3rd dose as your initial doses (Pfizer or Moderna).
Walk ins are welcome but appointments are appreciated to plan for staffing and supplies. Please visit our Facebook page for updates and information on current vaccine availability.
All immunizations will occur at the Vaccine Outreach Locations:
Kitsap: Gateway Center, 2526 6th Street, Bremerton WA 98312
North Mason: October 6, 13, 20, 27 and following Wednesday’s at North Mason School District, 300 E. Campus Drive, Belfair, from 9-12 p.m.
Mobile Clinics: Check our Facebook daily for the mobile vaccine clinic’s popup location.
If you do not have internet access, you can call 360-475-3099. Note: there are limited staff to answer this number as the same staff are actually working as part of the vaccine team – expect long hold times.
Staff at the main PCHS number are only able to refer you back to the vaccine number/scheduling link, as we need to ensure we have routine patient care access available throughout the entire vaccine process.
Vaccine Supply and Information
We have the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines available.
Please bring your original COVID-19 vaccination card with you to your appointment for verification.
3rd doses should be received at least 28 days after your 2nd dose of vaccine.
BOOSTER doses for the general population are not approved at this time, please monitor our website and Facebook page for additional information for when they become available.
Verify Vaccine Status
- Visit MyIR Mobile
- Contact the Department of Health (DOH) call center (800-525-0127, press #)
- Walk-in to PCHS at the Administration Office for a printout. *PCHS has a bidirectional interface with the Washington State Immunization Registry with our Electronic Health Records. Your vaccine record will automatically be sent to the State Registry.
Additional local information can be obtained by contacting:
- Kitsap Public Health District via their website at: kitsappublichealth.org/communityhealth/coronavirus_vaccine.php
- Mason County Public Health at 360-427-9670 ext. 599
- COVID testing is available for PCHS patients, but we are welcoming New Patients. You must become an established patient to receive testing. Testing is available at ALL clinic locations, we can complete a telehealth visit remotely to save you time when you arrive for testing. You have the option to stay in your vehicle and get tested. Use the chat function on our website to schedule your appointment for faster service, or call us at 360-377-3776.
General COVID Precautions
- If you have chronic disease and need a follow up, all PCHS sites are open to see patients. We are maintaining a high level of cleanliness and following the CDC guidelines to keep you safe. We have staff disinfecting our lobbies and reception space regularly and throughout the day. We have temperature screeners at the door, provide surgical masks to every patient and have face-shields for longer appointment types.
- Dental: If you are sick with a fever, cough, or shortness of breath and have an appointment, you need to reschedule via the patient portal, online chat or the main phone number (360-377-3776). Let us know if you have a dental emergency and we will connect you to a provider.
- Behavioral Health: If you are sick with a fever, cough, or shortness of breath and have a counseling appointment, we can move your appointment to a virtual visit or you can reschedule via the patient portal, online chat or the main phone number (360-377-3776). Let us know if you are in crisis and we will connect you to a counselor.
- Pharmacy: Worried about exposure to germs when picking up prescriptions? PCHS Pharmacy will bring them to your car. Please call ahead to make sure everything is ready, then call when you park. We’ll help you see this through!
- Visitors: We are limiting visitors in our clinics. If you are a parent or caregiver, please have only one person attend appointments with your child or loved one when possible. Ask about having a telehealth tablet used during a milestone visit to include at-home loved ones, such as a first ultrasound or a first well baby check.
- PCHS processes all insurances, offers sliding scale discounts and conducts financial hardship reviews for copay/deductibles, visits, and testing related to COVID-19 services.
Find a Location
Find a Provider
Schedule an Appointment
PCHS services include primary medical, dental, behavioral health counseling, substance use treatment, pharmacy services, and health education and promotion activities for all stages of life.
PCHS medical clinics provide comprehensive, primary medical services that emphasize a holistic, patient-centered approach to care. We offer routine physicals, immunizations, obstetrics, and family planning.
PCHS dental clinics help to keep smiles healthy from infancy through adulthood. We offer preventative care; oral examination; oral hygiene; digital x-rays; emergency care; and dental education and information.
PCHS BH services are an integrated part of our primary care program. We offer care coordination with primary care providers, depression and anxiety counseling, and medication assisted treatment for addiction.
PCHS pharmacies promise prescriptions get a thorough check for drug and disease interactions, dosing safety, and therapy length. We offer 340B program prescription discounts, assistance programs, and 90-day supplies.
Want to work with a team that is helping our local community? Click the button below to see our current open positions.
Cry Me A Penninsula
\”Cry Me A Penninsula\” by The Rust Belt © 2017 All Rights Reserved
The Rust Belt is:
Peter Culpo……………….Guitar, Bass, Percussion, and Special Effects
นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูเพิ่มเติม
The King’s Man | Official Trailer | 20th Century Studios
As a collection of history’s worst tyrants and criminal masterminds gather to plot a war to wipe out millions, one man must race against time to stop them. Discover the origins of the very first independent intelligence agency in The King’s Man.
Director: Matthew Vaughn
Based on the Comic Book “The Secret Service” by Mark Millar and Dave Gibbons
Produced by: Matthew Vaughn, David Reid, Adam Bohling
Cast: Ralph Fiennes, Gemma Arterton, Rhys Ifans, Matthew Goode, Tom Hollander, Harris Dickinson, Daniel Brühl, with Djimon Hounsou, and Charles Dance
Bé Học Tiếng Anh | | LESSON 03 | Gulf, Penninsula, Island | Pehal The Start
Học tiếng Anh cho trẻ tuổi từ 79 tuổi sao cho hiệu quả? Các bậc cha mẹ nếu muốn con mình có thể giao tiếp tiếng Anh một cách tự tin và kiến thức đi kèm thì hãy theo dõi series bé học tiếng Anh theo chủ đề này nhé.
Cách tiếp cận để cho trẻ em có thể học được mọi thứ dễ dàng thì sẽ bắt đầu bằng địa lí, dạy cho chúng nắm một cách tổng quan về châu lục, đừng quan tâm nhiều đến vấn đề ngữ pháp, nếu quan tâm nhiều đến ngữ pháp sẽ kìm hãm khả năng nói và trình bày của trẻ.
Xuyên suốt những bài học tiếp theo sẽ có sự lặp đi lặp lại các vị trí địa lí, sẽ giúp bé nhớ một cách in sâu vào tiềm thức và mãi mãi không quên.
Nếu theo học từng bước đều đặn các bài theo thứ tự sẽ xây dựng một nền tảng kiến thức, cộng với khả năng nói, từ vựng của bé sẽ tăng lên mỗi ngày.
Chúc các bạn học tốt với Linh Pehal.
Xem lại Lesson 02 tại đây: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iHITBXnJDWU
HỌC VIỆN NGÔN NGỮ PEHAL THE START
Địa chỉ: Số 4, Đường Linh Trung, Phường Linh Trung, Quận Thủ Đức, HCM.
Hotline: 0909 589 600
The Penninsula – Hello [Official Lyric Video]
“Hello” a music by The Penninsula
Performed by The Penninsula
Produced and Mixed by Arya Genta, Dave Godwyn
Mastered by Reyner Hagana
Lyrics by Arya Genta
Lead Vocals by Arya Genta
Guitar by Dave Godwyn
Bass by Dave Godwyn, R.A Karyuto
Piano and Synthesizer programmed by Arya Genta, Dave Godwyn, Rafi Yudhistira
Backing Vocals by Arya Genta, Dave Godwyn
Visual Cover by Fikri Izzaldin, Arya Genta
Video Concept by Adzril Taibkhadzim
Footage Taken by Adzril Taikhadzim, Dave Godwyn, Arya Genta, Mufaqqih Mawakib, Reyner Haga, Gaida Sulthoni, Yaasinta Salim.
Various footage also taken from dbproduction’s member archive library.
Video Edited by Dave Godwyn, Arya Genta
Contact Person : 081298945029 ( Gaida Sulthoni )
Instagram : @thepenninsula
SIERRA LEONE: Black market money! From golden beaches on the Freetown Penninsula to Bo // EPS 10
Why are there places on earth, you only hear negative things about? Like Sierra Leone the only references to this country in the media are often about blood diamonds, civil wars and ebola. But Sierra Leone, that’s as well gentle waves at golden beaches with cristal clear water, friendly locals and a lush green jungle. Visit the most beautiful beaches of west africa with me and join the journey through Sierra Leone, the Freetown Penninsula and the city Bo.
After crossing the border from Guinea to Sierra Leone we were on a mission: to find the most beautiful beach of Sierra Leone. Little spoiler: there are a lot of beautfiul ones on the Freetown Penninsula, but our vote goes not to the famous River Number 2 Beach, but to Bureh Beach, where we stayed for a while. Sipping cocktails, eating lobster or go surfing Bureh is a relaxed paradise far away from commercialisation or mass tourism.
After we recharged our batteries at the beautiful beaches of Sierra Leone, we were heading inlands to the city Bo. Watch this episode to find out why changing money or buying food and vegetables can be quite a challenge when being on the road!
// Welcome to the journey! I am Lea, a journalist and author and I want to take you with me on a motorcycle overloading adventure to all the wild and beautiful places in the world!
//Join the first stage of my trip around Africa along the coast of Westafrica through 12 countries: Morocco, Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, GuineaBissau, GuineaConakry, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote D’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin.
Time of the journey: November 2019 to Feburary 2020
// I circumnavigated the world solo from 20162017 and now I am going to all other places I have not seen yet. Now on the channel: my motorcycle trip around africa/ the first stage of the journey through westafrica.
// Riding a Yamaha Ténéré 700 (2019)
//Equipped by Touratech
//Follow me on:
// westafrica africa moto overlanding advrider t7 yamahatenere
นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูวิธีอื่นๆWedding