erawan bangkok: นี่คือโพสต์ที่เกี่ยวข้องกับหัวข้อนี้
Erawan Shrine Temple
Khet Pathum Wan
Krung Thep Maha Nakhon
The Erawan Shrine in Bangkok, known in Thai as Saan Phra Phrom or Saan Thao Maha Phrom, may be small, but its legacy is big. Tourists love the free traditional dance performances often seen there. Locals stop on the way to work to pray or give thanks for favors.
Unlike temples that require more time to visit, the Erawan Shrine is located on one of the busiest sidewalks in Bangkok. The sweet smells of flower garland and burning joss sticks permeate the air.
The statue of Phra Phrom—the Thai interpretation of the Hindu god Brahma—isn’t even very old. The original statue was vandalized beyond repair in 2006 and quickly replaced. Regardless, the Erawan Shrine continues to be popular with Buddhists, Hindus, and the Sikh community in Bangkok.
The History of the Erawan Shrine
An old animist custom in Thailand, “spirit houses” are erected next to buildings to appease spirits potentially displaced by the construction. The larger the construction, the more extravagant a spirit house should be. Erawan Shrine began as the large spirit house for the state-owned Erawan Hotel built in 1956. The Erawan Hotel was later replaced by the privately owned Grand Hyatt Erawan Hotel in 1987.
According to lore, construction of the Erawan Hotel was plagued with mishaps, injuries, and even deaths. Professionals astrologers determined that the hotel was not constructed in an auspicious way. A statue of Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, was needed to make things right. It worked; the Erawan Hotel later prospered.
A shrine to Brahma was placed outside the hotel on November 9, 1956; it has evolved in beauty and function over the years. Even with humble origins as a troubled hotel’s spirit house, the Erawan Shrine has become one of the most visited shrines in the city!
As for the namesake, “Erawan” is the Thai name for Airavata, the three-headed elephant that Brahma was said to have ridden.
Where Is the Erawan Shrine?
You definitely won’t have to go out of your way or visit an obscure neighborhood to see the Erawan Shrine in Bangkok. The famous shrine is located in the Pathum Wan District, the busy, commercial heart for serious shopping in Thailand’s capital!
Find Erawan Shrine located at the northwest corner of the Grand Hyatt Erawan Hotel, in the very prominent Ratchaprasong intersection where Ratchadamri Road, Rama I Road, and Phloen Chit Road meet. Many malls and shopping complexes are within easy walking distance.
The nearest BTS Skytrain station to Erawan Shrine is Chit Lom, although you can walk from Siam Station (the busiest and largest Skytrain station) in around 10 minutes. Chit Lom is on the Sukhumvit Line.
The labyrinthine CentralWorld shopping complex is just across the big intersection from the shrine. The MBK mall, well known to budget travelers as a more affordable alternative fraught with fakes—is about a 15-minute walk away.
Visiting the Erawan Shrine in Bangkok
Although the shrine has evolved into a hasty stop for locals, tourists on shopping missions, and guided groups alike, it doesn’t really merit carving out serious itinerary time. In fact, many tourists snap a photo or two and keep walking.
Don’t expect a serene temple experience: the Erawan Shrine is often crowded and chaotic. Unlike the ancient temples in places such as Ayutthaya and Chiang Mai, it’s not really a place to linger and contemplate in peace. That said, plan to hang around long enough to watch a dance performance while observing how a stop at the shrine has become integrated into daily life for many locals.
For a more authentic experience, beat tour groups and visit Erawan Shrine during morning rush hour (between 7 and 8 a.m.) when locals are stopping to pray while on the way to work. Try not to interfere with worshipers who have limited time. The pedway from the Chit Lom station offers good photos from above.
The traditional dancers often seen near the shrine actually aren’t there to attract or entertain tourists—although they do both. They are hired by worshipers who hope to gain merit or give thanks for prayers answered. Occasionally, you can even enjoy Chinese lion dance troupes there.
Be respectful! Although the Erawan Shrine has become a tourist magnet, it’s still considered one of the most important Hindu shrines in Bangkok. Some would argue it is one of the most important shrines to Brahma in Asia. Don’t be obnoxious or disrespectful during your brief visit.
Safety Tips for Visiting the Shrine
Although plagued with incidents in the past, the Erawan Shrine is no less safe to visit than other places in the city.
The extra police presence around the shrine creates some tourist-targeted scams rather than discourages them. One of the longest-running scams involves police officers in the Sukhumvit Road area watching from the elevated walkways for tourists who smoke or jaywalk. The officer points to an existing cigarette butt on the street and claims you dropped it, therefore you get fined for littering.
Even though locals and drivers may be smoking nearby, travelers sometimes get singled out to pay expensive fines on the spot.
When ready to leave the shrine, don’t agree to a “tour” from a tuk-tuk driver. Either find a taxi driver willing to use the meter or negotiate a tuk-tuk for a fair price (they don’t have meters).
Giving a Gift
Although visiting the Erawan Shrine is free, some people choose to give a small gift. Cash from donation boxes is used to maintain the area and gets distributed to charities.
Numerous people selling flower garland (Phuang Malai) will probably approach you at the shrine. The beautiful, jasmine-scented chains are usually reserved for newlyweds, thanking high-ranking officials, and for adorning sacred places. Bangkok isn’t Hawaii—don’t wear the flowers around your neck! Place the garland offering with the others on the railing that protects the statue.
Candles and joss sticks (incense) are also available. If you choose to buy some, light them all at once from one of the oil lamps that are kept burning. Wait in line, get to the front, give thanks or make a request as you hold the joss sticks with both hands, then place them in the designated trays.
Worshipers commonly make offerings—sometimes even fruit or drinking coconuts—to each of the four faces. If possible, walk around the statue in a clockwise direction.
Tip: You’ll encounter people selling small, caged birds at some temples and shrines in Southeast Asia. The idea is that you can gain merit by releasing the bird—a good deed. Unfortunately, the weakened birds don’t enjoy freedom for long; they are usually netted again nearby and resold. Be a more responsible traveler by not supporting this practice.
Places to Visit Near Erawan Shrine
Although plenty of eating and shopping can be found nearby, the Erawan Shrine isn’t within easy walking distance of the Grand Palace, Wat Pho, and the usual sightseeing stops in Bangkok.
You can combine a visit to Erawan Shrine with some of these other interesting sights in the area:
- Jim Thompson House: The Jim Thompson House offers an interesting cultural experience, short tours, and a pleasant garden. Jim Thompson’s mysterious disappearance is one of Southeast Asia’s best kept secrets. His lovely house is about a 20-minute walk from Erawan Shrine, or you can take the Skytrain one stop past Siam Station to the National Stadium Station and walk from there.
- Bangkok Art and Culture Centre: Also near the National Stadium Station, the Bangkok Art and Culture Centre showcases local artists in a pleasant facility. With a little luck, you may even catch a fashion show by local designers!
- Lumphini Park: If you’ve had your fill of clogged sidewalks, Lumphini Park is just a 15-minute walk south along Ratchadamri Road. The ponds, walking path, and Chinese pavilion offer a break from Bangkok’s noisy pace.
In some ways, the Erawan Shrine provides a cultural microcosm that shows just how deeply religion is intertwined with daily life, along with luck, superstition, and animism—the belief that spirits live in and around everything.
Although Thailand predominantly prescribes to Theravada Buddhism, and Brahma is a Hindu deity, that doesn’t stop locals from paying respect. You’ll frequently observe people from all social classes who nod, briefly bow, or give a wai with their hands when passing the Erawan Shrine—even when rolling by on the Skytrain!
Interestingly, there aren’t many temples in India dedicated solely to Bhrama. The Hindu god of creation seems to have a larger following outside of India. The Erawan Shrine in Bangkok is one of the most popular, along with a shrine at Angkor Wat in Cambodia. Even Southeast Asia’s largest country may be named after Bhrama: the word “Burma” is thought to have come from “Brahma.”
The worship of Brahma by non-Hindus in China is fairly common. Thailand is home to one of the largest ethnic Chinese communities in the world—hence why Chinese lion dance performances sometimes replace traditional Thai dancing at Erawan Shrine.
Incidents at Erawan Shrine
Perhaps the centralized location can be blamed, but the Erawan Shrine in Bangkok has accumulated somewhat of a tumultuous history given its age and size.
- 2006: The original statue of Brahma was destroyed by a 27-year-old man with a hammer. Street sweepers chased down the vandal and literally beat him to death. The man was later determined to have been mentally unstable.
- 2010: The CentralWorld complex across the intersection from the shrine was burned down during anti-government protests.
- 2014: Much of the fighting during anti-government protests leading up to the military coup took place near the shrine. Bullet holes and damage were repaired.
- 2015: The Erawan Shrine was the site of the 2015 Bangkok bombing, a terrorist attack that left 20 dead.
- 2016: A car crashed into the shrine, injuring seven worshipers. Terrorism was ruled out; the driver of the vehicle had suffered a stroke.
The 2015 Erawan Shrine Bombing
The Erawan Shrine was the target for a terrorist attack on August 17, 2015. A pipe bomb detonated at 6:55 p.m. while the shrine was busy. Sadly, 20 people were killed and at least 125 injured. Most of the victims were Asian tourists.
The statue was only slightly damaged, and the shrine was reopened in two days. The attack caused a sag in tourism; an investigation is still ongoing.
[NEW] Erawan National Park | erawan bangkok – Sambeauty
By tour operators
It is possible to arrange guides to pick you up from your hotel in Bangkok or Kanchanaburi. Visit our “Tours” section to see various possibilities.
Public services from Kanchanaburi to Erawan Falls
There are regular bus services from Kanchanaburi Bus Station (see map) to Erawan falls, ticket for a single trip costs 50 Baht.
Departing from Kanchanaburi to Erawan Falls: 08:00, 08:50, 09:50, 10:45, 11:50, 13:00, 14:10, 15:25 , 16:30, 17:50
Departing from Erawan Falls to Kanchanaburi: 05:20, 06:10, 07:20, 08:30, 10:00, 12:00, 14:00, 16:00, 17:00
(Departure times between Kanchanaburi and Erawan falls last updated on August 2017. If the details are too old, please remind us by using contact-us pages)
Public services to Kanchanaburi (*)
From Bangkok to Kanchanaburi:
BKS public buses (line 81) leave from Bangkok’s Southern Bus Terminal (Sai Tai Taling Chan สายใต้ตลิ่งชัน), which is located far west in the suburb Thonburi. In Kanchanaburi, there are two separate but nearby bus terminals, with 1st class buses departing from an office off Thanon Saengchuto, and 2nd class buses from the larger terminal one block east.
1st class buses should leave Bangkok every 15 minutes from 05:00-22:30, take about 2 hours, and cost 110 baht, including a bottle of water.
2nd class buses (new route) leave Bangkok every 20 minutes from 03:30-19:00 and take about 2 hours. Cost 95 baht.
2nd class buses (old route) leave Bangkok every 15-30 minutes from 04:00-18:00 and take about 3 hours.
There are also tourist minibuses directly to/from Khao San Road, departing Kanchanaburi at 13:30 and 18:30.
There are also some buses leaving less frequently from Bangkok’s Northern Mo Chit bus terminal (note: not the same as Mo Chit BTS station, and not within walking distance of it, although a standard 50 baht motorbike ride is available. It’s often called “Mo Chit 2”). Here are the times I could find at the station:
First-class bus with toilet (3 hours, 122 baht): 06:00, 11:00, 14:30
Second class bus with no toilet inside: 05:00, 07:00, 09:30, 12:30, 17:00
Minibus leave from Terminal 4 regularly, (12 noon was one of the scheduled times) taking 3 hours for 120 baht (July 2015)
Bus rides may be variable or cancelled (for example, with 14:30 being the last of the day.) BUT there are vans available at the bus station leaving even when you’re told there’s no way to get there by bus! It may pay to talk to the information desk for this.
From Nakhon Pathom, there are direct buses (2nd class only) every 15 to 30 minutes between 04:00 and 18:00, which take two hours. Alternatively, you can hop off a 1st class bus when it passes by Nakhon Pathom, but double-check with staff to ensure the route allows this and they know your plans.
From Phetchaburi to Kanchanaburi:
Passing by minivans to Kanchanaburi can be stopped by a small minivan service company on the opposite side of the road from the Big C supermarket.
From Sangkhlaburi to Kanchanaburi, you’re spoilt for choice:
Air-con VIP buses leave at 08:45, 10:45 and 14:30 and take 4 hours.
Air-con minibuses leave at 06:30, 07:30, 11:30, 13:00, 15:30 and take 3.5 hours.
Standard buses leave at 06:45, 08:15, 10:15, 13:15 and take 5 hours.
From Pattaya to Kanchanaburi:
There is a direct bus from Pattaya to Kanchanaburi, running 2 times a day (9:30am and 7:30pm), departing from Central Pattaya, arriving at Kanchanaburi Bus Terminal. The bus service is provided by Sri Mongkol bus company.
Travel duration: approximately 5 hours (distance of about 220km – 230km)
Bus ticket price: THB315 (price as at January 2016. Double-deck bus with air conditioner & toilet on board, price includes 1 free bottle of water & one chocolate bon)
Where to buy ticket & depart: Sri Mongkol bus terminal at Chaloem Phrakiat, Pattaya Sai 3 (Direction: on Central Pattaya Road, find the TOT building (Telecommunication Company), Chaloem Phrakiat/Pattaya Sai 3 intersects with Central Pattaya road at this TOT building. The Sri Mongkol bus terminal is just about 150 meters north from the TOT building on Chaloem Phrakiat on the west side. It is hard to find, it is in the strip of shops, just before a large empty lot (as of January 2016)
Sri Mongkol contact: 089-280-2255 or 081-876-7770, or 081-879-9494, or 081-547-1548
Tips: best to buy a ticket at least one day in advance. As with many other Thais outside Bangkok, the company staff cannot understand & speak English well, especially over the phone. If there is any problem communicating to the staff, consider asking your hotel/hostel staff to speak to them in Thai over the phone, e.g. asking for the bus station address and have the hotel staff write it down in Thai – taxi/tuk tuk driver could find the place easier that way.
The 5-hour journey is quite long but the road quality is pretty good with hardly any problem. A good option to consider if one does not want to go to Kanchanaburi from Pattaya via going back to Bangkok. Beats using two minivans (cost 280 B depending on which company you use) and is only 30 Baht more.
From Ayutthaya to Kanchanaburi:
Ayutthaya – Suphanburi, public minibus no. 703, 80 baht, travel time 1.5h, leaves every 30m. from Chao Phrom market bus station. Suphanburi – Kanchanaburi, bus no. 411, 50 baht, travel time 1.5h, leaves every 20m. By minivan directly from your hotel at 9:30am or 4:30pm. 400 baht per person. Takes 2.5 hours. Book through a tour agent.
Trains leave Bangkok’s Thonburi Train Station at 07:50 and arrive at Kanchanaburi at 10:25, also at 13:55 and arriving at 16:24. You may be interested in buying a ticket all the way to the River Kwai Bridge, since these two trains are the only ones which cross the bridge each day.
Be warned that reaching Thonburi Station from Khao San Road is harder than it looks; tuk-tuk drivers will try to charge you outrageous rates, and walking involves crossing two bridges and looping back a ways. The best way is probably to take the passenger boat from Phra Arthit Pier and connect to a cross-river ferry that reaches the Thonburi Railway pier, then walk or take the open minibus from there. The other way to reach Thonburi (Bangkok Noi) Station is walk little bit south from Thammasat university (next to Sanam Luang), take river ferry from Wat Mahathat to Wanglong, on the other side of river walk west until you reach main north-south road, here walk north until you reach big bridge where you will go under it and then just walk west to train station, all this from Khao San Road to train station takes only about 30-40mins easy walk + river ferry. You can also walk a bit away from Khao San Road and find a metered taxi that will not rip you off. If you miss the train, a taxi from Thonburi train station to Sai Tai Mai bus terminal for buses to Kanchanaburi.
Alternatively, use google maps route planner on your smartphone or on the computer in your hostel, and look for a local bus connection.
Return trains leave at 07:25 and 14:48 from the main railway station; from the River Kwai Bridge they leave 6 minutes earlier. Riding 3rd class is an adventure in itself, and definitely recommended.
Both train services continue to/from Nam Tok, the current terminus of the Death Railway. The normal trains will charge “Farangs” (Westerners) 100 baht in each direction from Kanchanaburi to Wang Pho, the last station before Nam Tok. Thais pay a lot less.
The 10:30 train has a special tourist section, where the low, low price of 300 baht gets you air-con, a soft drink and a certificate of having ridden the Death Railway. This service has occasionally been operated by a steam engine, but usually uses an ordinary diesel DMU, and rail fans will have to content themselves with the Japanese-era steamers plinthed at the main and bridge stations, also at the waterfall in Nam Tok Noi. The steam train rides no longer operate.
Minivans depart to Kanchanaburi from Old Southern Bus Station (Pin Klao) in Bangkok.
Kanchanaburi is about 2.5 hours drive from Bangkok, along Hwy 4 (Phet Kasem) from Bangkok until it meets Hwy 323. This will take you all the way to Kanchanaburi.
By limousine taxi
Bangkok (Airport) limousines are a comfortable and swift means of travel between Thailand’s capital and Kanchanaburi. Transfer rates by luxury Japanese sedan are typically from 3,000-3,500 baht. (Site note: A single trip space-wagon service costs 2,200 Baht through our website, see details)
For shorter travel, day trips from Bangkok are commonly sold at Bangkok travel agencies. Typically these include Toyota minibus transport from one’s hotel to Kanchanaburi and back (visiting the famous bridge, Erawan National Park, etc., depending on the package), and perhaps lunch and entrance fees.
(*) Source: Wikitraval.org. This section of the copy (“Public services to Kanchanaburi”) is available under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.
Driving to Erawan Falls
- Take the highway route 4 west out from Bangkok and drive 64 until you are through Nakhon Pathom and reached the junction to route 323
- Turn right to the route 323 and drive 11 km until you reach the junction to route 3089 before the Mae Khlong River
- On the junction, turn right to continue route 323 north, and follow the the route North West for 53km until you pass Kanchanaburi and reached the junction to 3199
- On the junction, continue straight ahead to route 3199 and drive 58 km until you see the sign into the Erawan National Park HQ
- Turn left and drive another 3.4km by following signs to HQ
- Drive 2km west from town on route 3263 till you get to the junction to route 347 and 3263
- Turn left in junction to route 347 and drive 38 km until you reach the T-junction to route 346
- Turn right on route 346 and keep an eye on signs for route 346 through a few junctions. Drive the whole route for 102 km until you reach the T-junction to route 324
- Turn left on route 324 and drive 23km until you reach central Kanchanaburi
- Turn right to route 323 and drive north west for 6 km until you reach the junction to route 3199
- Drive straight away on junction and follow 3199 for 58 km until you see the sign into the Erawan National Park HQ
- Turn left and drive another 3.4 km by following signs to HQ
Phra Phrom Mantra/Katha – พระพรหม – 四面佛经 – Erawan Shrine (4 Face Buddha)
Ohm para maesa na masgaram ohng garanissawa rang prhom ressayam phupassawa wisanu waiyatana mototi
Lhoog gapumtaramaa yigya nang yawaiyala kamulam sataa nantara wimusatinan namatte namattre ja agarang ttatou waja ae ttama ttarayad ttaman ttaramaa gattanaramla jasarawa pattittam sampoh pagonloh tiwatiyam mattamya
โอมปะระเมสะนะมัสการัม องการะนิสสะวะ รัง พรหมเรสสะยัม ภูปัสสะวะวิษณุ ไวยะทานะโมโทติลูกปัมทะระมา ยิกยานัง ยะไวยะลา คะมุลัม สะทา นันตะระ วิมุสะตินัน นะมัตเต นะมัตเตร จะ อะการัง ตโถวาจะ เอตามาตาระยัต ตะมัน ตะรามา กัตถะนารัมลา จะสะระวะ ปะติตัม สัมโภพะกลโล ทิวะทิยัม มะตัมยะ
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